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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children

Overview of attention for article published in this source, October 2006
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8 tweeters
1 Google+ user


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Readers on

76 Mendeley
Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children
Published by
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, October 2006
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd005972.pub2
Pubmed ID

Millett, Declan T, Cunningham, Susan, O'Brien, Kevin D, Benson, Philip E, Williams, Alison, de Oliveira, Cesar M


Correction of the type of dental problem where the bite is deep and the upper front teeth are retroclined (Class II division 2 malocclusion) may be carried out using different types of orthodontic treatment. However, in severe cases, surgery to the jaws in combination with orthodontics may be required. In growing children, treatment may sometimes be carried out using special upper and lower dental braces (functional appliances) that can be removed from the mouth. In many cases this treatment does not involve taking out any permanent teeth. Often, however, further treatment is needed with fixed braces to get the best result. In other cases, treatment aims to move the upper first permanent molars backwards to provide space for the correction of the front teeth. This may be carried out by applying a force to the teeth and jaws from the back of the head using a head brace (headgear) and transmitting this force to a part of a fixed or removable dental brace. This treatment may or may not involve the removal of permanent teeth. In some cases, neither functional appliances nor headgear are required and treatment may be carried out without extraction of any permanent teeth. Instead of using a headgear, in certain cases, the back teeth are held back in other ways such as with an arch across or in contact with the front of the roof of the mouth which links two bands glued to the back teeth. Often in these cases, two permanent teeth are taken out from the middle of the upper arch (one on each side) to provide room to correct the upper front teeth. It is important for orthodontists to find out whether orthodontic treatment only, carried out without the removal of permanent teeth, in children with a Class II division 2 malocclusion produces a result which is any different from no orthodontic treatment or orthodontic treatment only involving extraction of permanent teeth.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 76 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 1%
Germany 1 1%
Unknown 74 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 16 21%
Researcher 11 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 8 11%
Student > Postgraduate 7 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 8%
Other 17 22%
Unknown 11 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 51 67%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 5%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 1 1%
Psychology 1 1%
Immunology and Microbiology 1 1%
Other 2 3%
Unknown 16 21%