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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

De-escalation techniques for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2017
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About this Attention Score

  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (67th percentile)

Mentioned by

6 tweeters
1 video uploader


23 Dimensions

Readers on

211 Mendeley
De-escalation techniques for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2017
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd009922.pub2
Pubmed ID

Maolin Du, Xuemei Wang, Shaohua Yin, Wei Shu, Ruiqi Hao, Sai Zhao, Harish Rao, Wan-Ley Yeung, Mahesh B Jayaram, Jun Xia


Aggression is a disposition, a willingness to inflict harm, regardless of whether this is behaviourally or verbally expressed and regardless of whether physical harm is sustained.De-escalation is a psychosocial intervention for managing people with disturbed or aggressive behaviour. Secondary management strategies such as rapid tranquillisation, physical intervention and seclusion should only be considered once de-escalation and other strategies have failed to calm the service user. To investigate the effects of de-escalation techniques in the short-term management of aggression or agitation thought or likely to be due to psychosis. We searched Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (latest search 7 April, 2016). Randomised controlled trials using de-escalation techniques for the short-term management of aggressive or agitated behaviour. We planned to include trials involving adults (at least 18 years) with a potential for aggressive behaviour due to psychosis, from those in a psychiatric setting to those possibly under the influence of alcohol or drugs and/or as part of an acute setting as well. We planned to include trials meeting our inclusion criteria that provided useful data. We used the standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. Two review authors inspected all abstracts of studies identified by the search process. As we were unable to include any studies, we could not perform data extraction and analysis. Of the 345 citations that were identified using the search strategies, we found only one reference to be potentially suitable for further inspection. However, after viewing the full text, it was excluded as it was not a randomised controlled trial. Using de-escalation techniques for people with psychosis induced aggression or agitation appears to be accepted as good clinical practice but is not supported by evidence from randomised trials. It is unclear why it has remained such an under-researched area. Conducting trials in this area could be influenced by funding flow, ethical concerns - justified or not - anticipated pace of recruitment as well the difficulty in accurately quantifying the effects of de-escalation itself. With supportive funders and ethics committees, imaginative trialists, clinicians and service-user groups and wide collaboration this dearth of randomised research could be addressed.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 6 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 211 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 211 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 37 18%
Student > Master 31 15%
Student > Doctoral Student 25 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 22 10%
Researcher 13 6%
Other 37 18%
Unknown 46 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 59 28%
Medicine and Dentistry 44 21%
Psychology 22 10%
Social Sciences 10 5%
Unspecified 6 3%
Other 17 8%
Unknown 53 25%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 5. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 15 March 2018.
All research outputs
of 17,181,881 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
of 11,635 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 272,411 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
of 249 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,181,881 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 72nd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 11,635 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 24.7. This one is in the 37th percentile – i.e., 37% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 272,411 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 67% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 249 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 27th percentile – i.e., 27% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.