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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, January 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (78th percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

policy
1 policy source
twitter
5 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

dimensions_citation
3 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
115 Mendeley
Title
Dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, January 2016
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd005102.pub3
Pubmed ID
Authors

Lucie Nield, Carolyn D Summerbell, Lee Hooper, Victoria Whittaker, Helen J Moore

Abstract

Prevention of type 2 diabetes in adults is a far better option than treatment, to alleviate pressure on health care providers and resources. However, there is no current review of the evidence regarding the efficacy of a diet-only intervention for prevention. To assess the effects of type and frequency of dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We carried out a comprehensive search of The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, bibliographies and contacted relevant experts. All randomised controlled trials, of twelve months or longer, in which dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes was the only intervention in adults. The lead investigator performed all data extraction and quality scoring with duplication being carried out by one of the other four investigators independently with discrepancies resolved by discussion and consensus. Authors were contacted for missing data. Change data are presented. Two trials which randomised 358 people to dietary treatment and control groups were identified. Longest duration of follow-up was six years.In the 6-year Da Qing IGT & Diabetes study, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the control group was 67.7% (95% confidence interval (CI) 59.8% to 75.2%) which was reduced to 43.8% (95% CI 35.5% to 54.7%) in the diet group. Overall, the dietary intervention group had a 33% reduction in the incidence of diabetes after six years (P < 0.03). The Oslo Diet & Exercise Study (ODES) found significant (P<0.05) reductions in insulin resistance, fasting insulin (pmol/L), fasting C-peptide (pmol/L), fasting proinsulin (pmol/L), fasting blood glucose (mmol/L), BMI (kg/m²), mBP (mmHg) and fasting triglycerides (mmol/L), and a significant increase in fasting HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) and PAI-1 (U/ml) after 12 months of dietary intervention.Data on mortality, morbidity, health-related quality of life, adverse effects, costs were not reported in either study. There are no high quality data on the efficacy of dietary intervention for the prevention of type 2 diabetes. More well-designed, long-term studies, providing well-reported, high-quality data are required before proper conclusions can be made into the best dietary advice for the prevention of diabetes mellitus in adults.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 5 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 115 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 <1%
India 1 <1%
France 1 <1%
Unknown 112 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 23 20%
Researcher 14 12%
Student > Bachelor 13 11%
Student > Ph. D. Student 13 11%
Other 10 9%
Other 28 24%
Unknown 14 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 39 34%
Nursing and Health Professions 13 11%
Social Sciences 9 8%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 8 7%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 6 5%
Other 24 21%
Unknown 16 14%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 7. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 March 2018.
All research outputs
#3,457,668
of 17,358,590 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#6,171
of 11,660 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#74,054
of 349,177 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#123
of 201 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,358,590 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 80th percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 11,660 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 25.0. This one is in the 46th percentile – i.e., 46% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 349,177 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 78% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 201 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 38th percentile – i.e., 38% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.