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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Nebulised morphine for severe interstitial lung disease

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, July 2002
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92 Mendeley
Nebulised morphine for severe interstitial lung disease
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, July 2002
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd002872
Pubmed ID

Riccardo Polosa, Alexander Simidchiev, E. Haydn Walters


The evidence to support the use of nebulized morphine to improve dyspnoea and exercise limitation in terminally ill patients with chronic lung disease is conflicting. To assess the effectiveness of nebulized morphine in reducing dyspnoea in patients with end-stage interstitial lung disease RCTs and good quality CCTs were identified by searching Medline, Embase, Cinahl as well as the Cochrane controlled clinical trial register. The following search terms were used: (inhaled OR nebulised)/AND/morphine AND/Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/or/pulmonary fibrosis/or/idiopathic interstitial pneumonia/or/nonspecific interstitial pneumonia/or/non-specific interstitial pneumonia/or/usual interstitial pneumonia/or/desquamative interstitial pneumonia/or/cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis/or/interstitial pneumonia/or/idiopathic interstitial lung disease/or/chronic interstitial pneumonia Any RCT and adequate quality CCT in adult patients with ILD that compared nebulized morphine with a control group. Only one small RCT was identified. Compared to placebo (normal saline), administration of low-dose nebulized morphine (2.5 and 5.0 mg) to six patients with ILD did not improve maximal exercise performance, and did not reduce dyspnoea during exercise. The hypothesis that nebulized morphine may reduce dyspnoea in patients with interstitial lung disease has not been confirmed in the single small RCT identified.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 92 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 2 2%
Unknown 90 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 14 15%
Researcher 11 12%
Student > Bachelor 9 10%
Student > Ph. D. Student 7 8%
Other 5 5%
Other 22 24%
Unknown 24 26%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 36 39%
Nursing and Health Professions 17 18%
Psychology 2 2%
Computer Science 2 2%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 2%
Other 7 8%
Unknown 26 28%