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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Microwave therapy for cervical ectropion

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, October 2007
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Microwave therapy for cervical ectropion
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, October 2007
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd006227.pub2
Pubmed ID

Yali Liu, KeHu Yang, Taixiang Wu, Helen Roberts, Jing Li, Jinhui Tian, Bin Ma, Jiying Tan, Peizhen Zhang


Cervical ectropion is considered as one of the most common types of chronic cervicitis in China. Topical treatments for cervical ectropion including microwave tissue coagulation, are widely used in many hospitals in China. Nowadays, the necessary intervention for inflammatory cervical ectopy is controversial. To compare the efficacy and potential side effects of microwave tissue coagulation with other interventions or no intervention in the treatment of cervical ectropion. We searched the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library 2006, Issue 1), MEDLINE (1966 to 2005), EMBASE (1974 to 2005); The Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM, 1978 to 2005), The Chinese Medical Current Contents (CMCC, 1994 to 2005), CAJ Full-text Database (1994 to 2005) and Chinese Scientific Journals Database (1989 to 2005). We also searched related literature on the Internet with search engines such as Google, searched the reference lists of articles and hand searched relevant Chinese journals. Only authentic randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Two authors independently interviewed the original authors of claimed RCTs published in China and then assessed the quality of the three included RCTs and extracted data. No studies were found that met the participant inclusion criteria of the protocol. Although three studies were identified as authentic RCTs from 92 potential RCTs, it was not possible to confirm that the participants were symptomatic prior to treatment. Of these three studies two trials compared microwave therapy with laser and one compared microwave therapy with interferon-alpha suppository therapy. Microwave therapy showed a better effect on cervical appearance over laser therapy in the women with grade II and III and also improved cervical appearance over interferon-alpha suppository therapy. There was no difference in grade I women. Microwave therapy showed less adverse bleeding than laser therapy during the treatment. However, the methodological quality of the three RCTs was generally low. No trial compared treatment to no intervention and most trials didn't assess relief of symptoms or quality of life and satisfaction, which are very important to women. There are no RCTs comparing microwave therapy with other treatments or no treatment in symptomatic women with cervical ectropion. Although microwave therapy improved the appearance of the cervix over both laser therapy and interferon-alpha suppository therapy it is not clear if there is any other benefit for women.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 85 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 1 1%
United States 1 1%
Unknown 83 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 14 16%
Student > Bachelor 10 12%
Researcher 8 9%
Unspecified 7 8%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 7%
Other 16 19%
Unknown 24 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 27 32%
Unspecified 7 8%
Nursing and Health Professions 6 7%
Social Sciences 5 6%
Psychology 4 5%
Other 10 12%
Unknown 26 31%