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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive‐compulsive disorder

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2003
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Title
Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive‐compulsive disorder
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2003
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd003387
Pubmed ID
Authors

José Luis Rodriguez‐Martin, José Manuel Barbanoj, V Pérez, M Sacristan

Abstract

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was introduced as a neurophysiological technique in 1985 when Anthony Barker and his team developed a compact machine that permitted non-invasive stimulation of the cerebral cortex (Barker 1985). Since its introduction, TMS has been used to evaluate the motor system, to study the function of several cerebral regions, and for the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric illnesses. In addition, it has been suggested that TMS might have therapeutic potential. Some controlled studies have evaluated the effects of repetitive TMS (rTMS) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Greenberg (Greenberg 1997) observed that a single session of right prefrontal cortex stimulation produced a significant decrease in compulsive urges in OCD patients lasting over eight hours. Other studies have reported transitory improvements in mood but there are no observations for changes in anxiety or obsessions. To develop a systematic review on the clinical efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation from randomised controlled trials in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. An electronic search was performed including the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Review Group trials register (last searched June, 2002), the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (Issue 2, 2002), MEDLINE (1966-2002), EMBASE (1974-2002), PsycLIT (1980-2002), and bibliographies from reviewed articles. Randomised controlled trials assessing the therapeutic efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation for obsessive-compulsive disorder. All reviewers independently extracted the information and verified it by cross-checking. Disagreements were resolved through discussion. Three trials were included in the review and only two contained data in a suitable form for quantitative analysis. It was not possible to pool any results for a meta-analysis. No difference was seen between rTMS and sham TMS using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale or the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale for all time periods analysed. There are currently insufficient data from randomised controlled trials to draw any conclusions about the efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 92 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Sweden 1 1%
Australia 1 1%
Unknown 90 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 16 17%
Student > Master 13 14%
Student > Postgraduate 11 12%
Researcher 10 11%
Other 5 5%
Other 12 13%
Unknown 25 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 20 22%
Psychology 17 18%
Neuroscience 8 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 3%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 2%
Other 11 12%
Unknown 31 34%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 30 March 2019.
All research outputs
#17,285,668
of 25,374,647 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#10,474
of 11,484 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#56,520
of 61,865 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#39
of 41 outputs
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