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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2003
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Title
Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2003
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd003387
Pubmed ID
Authors

José Luis Rodriguez-Martin, José Manuel Barbanoj, V Pérez, M Sacristan

Abstract

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was introduced as a neurophysiological technique in 1985 when Anthony Barker and his team developed a compact machine that permitted non-invasive stimulation of the cerebral cortex (Barker 1985). Since its introduction, TMS has been used to evaluate the motor system, to study the function of several cerebral regions, and for the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric illnesses. In addition, it has been suggested that TMS might have therapeutic potential. Some controlled studies have evaluated the effects of repetitive TMS (rTMS) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Greenberg (Greenberg 1997) observed that a single session of right prefrontal cortex stimulation produced a significant decrease in compulsive urges in OCD patients lasting over eight hours. Other studies have reported transitory improvements in mood but there are no observations for changes in anxiety or obsessions. To develop a systematic review on the clinical efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation from randomised controlled trials in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. An electronic search was performed including the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Review Group trials register (last searched June, 2002), the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (Issue 2, 2002), MEDLINE (1966-2002), EMBASE (1974-2002), PsycLIT (1980-2002), and bibliographies from reviewed articles. Randomised controlled trials assessing the therapeutic efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation for obsessive-compulsive disorder. All reviewers independently extracted the information and verified it by cross-checking. Disagreements were resolved through discussion. Three trials were included in the review and only two contained data in a suitable form for quantitative analysis. It was not possible to pool any results for a meta-analysis. No difference was seen between rTMS and sham TMS using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale or the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale for all time periods analysed. There are currently insufficient data from randomised controlled trials to draw any conclusions about the efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 75 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Sweden 1 1%
Australia 1 1%
Unknown 73 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 14 19%
Student > Master 13 17%
Researcher 10 13%
Student > Postgraduate 9 12%
Other 6 8%
Other 14 19%
Unknown 9 12%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 20 27%
Medicine and Dentistry 19 25%
Neuroscience 9 12%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 4%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 3%
Other 8 11%
Unknown 14 19%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 30 March 2019.
All research outputs
#9,202,656
of 14,622,892 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#9,356
of 11,033 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#125,788
of 234,393 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#222
of 248 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,622,892 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 24th percentile – i.e., 24% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 11,033 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 22.5. This one is in the 10th percentile – i.e., 10% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 234,393 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 248 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 8th percentile – i.e., 8% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.